Top 10 perennial plants
Perennial flowers provide color and interest to your garden from April through November. They often draw butterflies and bees to their flowers and make excellent cut flowers too.
Perennials are easy to plant and are highly adaptable. These plants can serve to plants to fill in between shrubs or groundcovers beneath trees, potted up in containers, or by themselves to make an elegant herbaceous border offering a simple replacement for annual flowers, which return each year, and get bigger as they grow.
There are myriad perennial plants available, but if you’re looking for a little idea, glance at the infographic on our top ten perennials to create a simple and reliable display.
While technically a plant, We must mention lavender in our list of best perennial plants! It is adored for its beautiful spring flowers and fragrant silver-green foliage; this sturdy evergreen plant is a great choice. It can be used for edging, hedging containers, and borders. The flowers are appealing to butterflies and bees. They are tolerant of drought as they can withstand light, sandy soils. They are also excellent cut flowers and even cake flavoring and decorations!
Sedums, also known as Stonecrop, are superb for their late summer and autumn color, often flowering into November! With fantastic tolerance to poor conditions, Sedums are one of the easiest plants to grow in the garden. For a perennial border, choose Sedum spectabile (Ice Plant), which has a neat, upright growth habit and succulent, grey-green leaves. Tiny star-shaped, usually pink flowers are borne in dense, flat cymes from August to late autumn. Leave the faded flower heads intact for winter interest.
Rudbeckia is a reliable and popular perennial, valued for its long-lasting splash of color in late summer and early autumn. Sunny yellow, red or orange petals surround prominent conical centers of green, brown, or black, which are attractive to bees and other pollinating insects. The neat, bushy, upright growth of Rudbeckia fulgida fits in nicely among other perennial plants. Rudbeckia hirta are short-lived perennials and are often treated as biennials. Plant Rudbeckia as part of a mixed or herbaceous border or alongside ornamental grasses for a prairie-style look.
Hardy Geraniums, also known as Cranesbill, are a diverse group of plants and are some of the most tolerant and long-lived perennials you could grow. These low-maintenance perennials provide color over a long period in the summer with white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. Growth habits range from trailing or spreading to taller, clump-forming varieties. Grow Geraniums as ground cover, edging, or to fill border gaps.
A hardy perennial, Salvia nemorosa is a prolific flowering plant producing purple flower spikes in abundance from summer to autumn, giving a long season of interest. Originating from hot, dry areas, Salvia plants are superb for hot and sunny borders and have good drought tolerance once established. An excellent upright accent, Salvia works well as part of a mixed border or grown with grasses.
Phlox is a diverse genus of plants, the perennial species famous for their bright, showy, and often highly fragrant flowers, produced from late spring to autumn. Phlox flowers are mainly pink, purple, or white, and some plants have variegated foliage, which adds further interest to the garden. For ground cover or rockeries, try growing Phlox subulata (Moss Phlox), a dense, evergreen perennial producing a mass of flowers.
Also known as Helen’s Flower, Heleniums are long-flowering, reliable perennial plants. With a range of hot colors from red to burnt orange and bright yellow, these fiery plants work well as part of a late summer border. The elegant flowers are abundant from midsummer to early autumn on bushy, upright growth, with protruding central florets surrounded by a ‘skirt’ of petals. Grow Heleniums as a lively addition to herbaceous borders, or try planting them with ornamental grasses for a prairie-style look. Heleniums make an excellent cut flower too.
From large border carnations to dainty pinks, Dianthus plants are a versatile addition to the gardens. Dianthus plants are a perfect addition to cottage gardens. Grow alpine pinks such as Dianthus deltoides in a rock garden, raised bed, in patio containers, or as ground cover. These tough little perennials cope well with windy and salty coastal conditions. Grow the more prominent pinks and carnations in beds, borders, and patio containers. Dianthus flowers are also brilliant for cutting.
Japanese Anemones (Anemone x hybrida) are stunning performers in late summer and autumn when many other plants have fizzled out. Large, bright, simple blooms are produced on elegant branching stems high above mounds of green, palmate foliage. Growing up to 1.5m tall, they are superb for adding height to the back of borders, although more compact varieties are available to suit any planting scheme. Japanese Anemones work well as part of a cottage garden theme or grown in woodland gardens.
A valuable addition to summer borders, Penstemons are smothered in tubular-bell-shaped flowers, similar in appearance to foxgloves, and come in a range of bright colors and patterns. Bees love these easy-to-grow perennials, which look fabulous planted in groups where they knit together to form sheets of color. Plant tall Penstemons in the middle of mixed or herbaceous borders to lend an informal cottage-garden feel to the planting or grow the dwarf varieties at border fronts or in patio containers.